The work of the "peter monkeys," as the miners were known, was an extremely tiring and dangerous task. Laboring for long hours in the cold and dark environment of a cave, dimly lit with torches that gave off noxious smoke, the workers often crawled into small passages to extract the earth.
Humberstone and Santa Laura are located 48 km east of the city of Iquique in the Atacama Desert in the Tarapacá Region in northern Chile. Other saltpeter works or "nitrate towns" include Chacabuco, Maria Elena, Pedro de Valdivia, Puelma and Aguas Santas among many others. Chacabuco is a special case since it was also used as a concentration ...
Historical Marker #715 in Rockcastle County commemorates the importance of the "Great Saltpeter Cave," a large cave located south of Mt. Vernon. There, organic materials were mined to create gunpowder during the War of 1812. Sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter create gunpowder, and during the nineteenth century Kentucky's extensive cave systems, including Mammoth Cave, were important …
nitrate - any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid) Translations. nitre salpêtre. ... that is why it is also known as Chile or Peru saltpeter. ... Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave, saltpeter mining in Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave, and a variety of other related subjects.
Sep 01, 2008· This is a slideshow I made of pictures taken in Saltpeter Mine in Carter Cave State park. Skip navigation ... Saltpeter Mine in Olive Hill KY ... How to make Potassium nitrate …
Half of the sausage meat was cured with 26 g German nitrite curing salt (0.5% nitrite content), the other half used 25.5 g table salt and 0.5 g potassium nitrate. The addition of ascorbic acid (also known as Vitamin C) is no evil plot of the food industry as one might guess on first thought.
Aug 06, 2012· Confederate Saltpeter Works Civil War Industrial Center . By Don Morfe, August 6, 2012. 1. Confederate Saltpeter Works Marker ... (potassium nitrate or nitre), an essential element in the manufacture of gunpowder, had been mined at Organ Cave since the eighteenth century, the need for the mineral increased dramatically during the Civil War ...
Chile saltpetre. Sodium nitrate occurs, under the same conditions as ordinary saltpetre, in deposits covering immense areas in South America, abounding especially in the regions of Tarapacá and Antofagasta in Chile. The chief applications of Chile saltpetre are in the nitric acid industry and particularly as a fertilizer.
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula Na N O 3. This alkali metal nitrate salt is also known as Chile saltpeter (large deposits of which were historically mined in Chile) to distinguish it from ordinary saltpeter, potassium nitrate. The mineral form is also known as nitratine, nitratite or soda niter.
Saltpeter, or potassium nitrate, is used as a food preservative and additive. It is also used for fertilizer and is a large component of gunpowder. It is also used as an oxidizing agent for rockets and fireworks. Saltpeter is also used topically to ease the pain of sensitive teeth and so …
Chile saltpeter definition is - sodium nitrate especially occurring naturally (as in caliche). sodium nitrate especially occurring naturally (as in caliche)… See the full definition. SINCE 1828. ... History and Etymology for Chile saltpeter. Chile, South America . Keep scrolling for more. Learn More about Chile saltpeter.
Oct 29, 2010· Saltpeter or potassium nitrate was of key importance to the survival of early settlers in what is now West ia. Saltpeter was used by settlers to salt meat and to make dyes, and it was a key ingredient in gunpowder, which was made by mixing small amounts of …
industry: saltpeter. Chile began producing nitrates (or saltpeter) from the caliche located on the sedimentary rock strata at Pampa Calichera, an area corresponding to old salt lakes from which water had long ago evaporated. From 1860 to 1925, saltpeter was Chile's main export, due to its demand for military and agricultural uses (5).
Discover The Nitrate Towns of Chile in Tamarugal, Chile: Towns with a resource known as "white gold," valuable enough to fight a war over, now stand ghostly empty.
Oct 17, 2013· A Tour of Chile's Ghostly Abandoned Nitrate Towns. ... Also known as "white gold" or "Chile saltpeter," sodium nitrate is used in the production of fertilizer and explosives. ... Matsuo mine ...
It has to be salt substitute and not "lite salt", because the latter also contains sodium chloride. If you use lite salt, you'll end up with a mixture of sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate, which might be useful for your purpose, but isn't the same as pure potassium nitrate and will burn yellow rather than purple.
Nov 11, 2010· Potassium Nitrate.. Hygroscopic? - posted in Pyrotechnics: Hey i recently started to realize that when i would grind up just potassium nitrate by itself and let it sit, it would become really clumped up and seem like its really damp. I stuck my finger inside of it and it felt dry but in about 45 seconds the KNO3 on my finger became really wet.
nitrate. Hill's "seeping groundwater" model described an ongoing chemical process wherein saltpeter earth leached of nitrate could be placed back in the cave and new nitrate precipitated. Hubbard (in review) noted that the question of "what is saltpeter" is confusing. Saltpeter is a synonym of niter, a nitrate mineral containing potassium (ISNO ).
The History of Saltpeter - I In our last post, ... During the US Civil War, bat guano was used to produce gunpowder. In 1879, Peru and Bolivia combined together to fight Chile for mining rights in the Atacama desert, in a conflict known as the Guano war (also known as the Saltpetre War or the War of the Pacific). ... and sodium nitrate (also ...
The most important of the nitrate salts commercially are sodium nitrate (cubic niter) and potassium nitrate (niter or saltpeter). These salts are largely utilized in this country, as is shown by the statistics of imports. Nearly all the nitrates imported come from Chile.
The United States Saltpeter Cave Survey, 2006 1 The United States Saltpeter Cave Survey, 2006 By Douglas Plemons Reprinted with permission from the Journal of Spelean History, Vol. 41, No. 2, Issue 132 (July-December, 2007) With the benefit of time and more experience I have refined some of my methods and format
Aug 13, 2001· [Collected on the Internet, 2000] Potassium Nitrate! Saltpeter! The military used to put it in the eggs at breakfast so a certain "joint" wouldn't get stiff when it wasn't supposed to.
Title: Nitrate mining in Chile Date Created/Published: Keystone View Co., c1917-c1918. Medium: 12 photoprints : stereographs ; 9 x 18 cm. Summary: Nitrate reduction plant, evaporation vats, blasting activity. Salt peter and iodine made from nitrate. Reproduction Number: ---
Chile saltpetre, sodium nitrate, a deliquescent crystalline sodium salt that is found chiefly in northern Chile (see . Chile saltpetre, sodium nitrate, a deliquescent crystalline sodium salt that is found chiefly in northern Chile (see . ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. START YOUR FREE TRIAL ...
Natural Places to Find Saltpeter ... The largest occurrence of natural saltpeter as sodium nitrate and associated compounds is in Chile's Atacama Desert. Called Chile saltpeter, it derives from deposits of guano. ... leaving a salt. Such caves are in Italy, the …
Apr 22, 2016· The GHOST TOWN declared a world heritage site: Inside the spooky mining settlement which has been abandoned for more than 50 years in Chile. Humberstone and Santa Laura Works in Chile …
Saltpeter is a mineral salt, a naturally occurring mineral known chemically as potassium nitrate. It's a common impurity found in many salt mines, and for centuries butchers and cooks have valued those salts for their virtues in meat preservation.
Oct 29, 2012· From boom to dust: Eerie pictures show northern Chile's once bustling mining communities reduced to rusting ghost towns . ... or sodium nitrate, mining. But after the value of the material dropped ...
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